Cellular And Molecular Biology






The emergence of cellular and molecular biology was observed from the early part of the 20th century, whereby the contribution of eminent biologist and biochemist contributed to the development of this subject to a great extent. The biochemist of American origin is considered as the founder of molecular biology. The Noble Laureate and winner of Nobel Prize for Physiology, Albert Claude is regarded as the father of cell biology and the Emeritus Professor of Medicine and Cellular and Molecular Medicine, of University of California, Prof. George Palade is addressed as the Father of modern cell biology.


Cellular biology has originated from the biology, which explores the complicated and delicate pathways and processes which are embedded within the cell of the living organism. On the other hand, molecular biology is a subject which concentrates on the structural and functional details of the molecules of biological origin. Hence, this field of biology explores the details of DNA, RNA, protein, lipid, carbohydrate. On the precise note, molecular biology is a combination of biochemistry, genetic and chemistry. Hence, both cellular or cell biology and molecular biology are two independent domains under the umbrella of biological science. The aggregation of cellular and molecular biology hence offers multidimensional opportunities.


This vast field of biological science finds its application in innumerable ways. In this regard it may be stated that cellular and molecular biology is of immense importance in the field of medical science, biological research, neuroscience, agriculture, forensic science, microbiology, immunology, virology, plant and animal physiology, reproductive and developmental biology etc. This subject also aid in quantification and sequences analysis of DNA and RNA template, in construction of gene map, protein engineering, cell cloning and cell culture, protein and cell imaging and many more. Hence, cellular and molecular biology not only offers multidimensional applications but also delivers a number of avenues and research options for the students and scholars across the globe.


As this subject brings with it immense research options, there exist numerous career options for the scholar who are interested to pursue their career in this subject. The major scientific journals of cellular and molecular biology are Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular Cell, nature Structural and Molecular Biology etc. Therefore, in a nut shell it may be stated that in the present era cellular and molecular biology is in stage of continuous development and also offers innumerable research options and application in various field and also aid in enhancing the quality of life of the individuals.

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